Unless people take drastic action to reduce emissions and slow climate change, almost all of Earth’s coral reefs will be dead within 30 years, a new report that aims to explain the possibilities we should now have.

“Coral reefs are the ‘canaries in the coalmine’ when it comes to identifying ecosystems that are under stress as a result of the warming of the oceans because of climate change,” Jens Zinke, Professor of Palaeobiology at the University of Leicester in the UK, said in the press release.

At the Our Oceans conference in Palau on Thursday, Vibrant Oceans launched its White Paper on the future of vulnerable and critical habitats

A White Paper is a detailed report or a guide, covering a complex problem but also proposing solutions.

To adopt a wide-ranging approach to managing 50 reef sites, including connectivity to wider sealandscapes, fisheries and water quality management and lightening other constraints (for instance industrial development), so that effective and fair management results in measurable benefits for coral reefs and coastal communities;

If humans meet the Paris Agreement’s targets and keep emissions at 1.5 ° C above pre-industrial levels a goal currently threatening to surpass the world’s up to 90% of global coral reefs could still be damaged in the next 30 years, the communication said.

Adding coral resistance and refuges to the program’s portfolio of 50 reefs for the future, to mitigate climate change.

The first two recommendations sought to maintain and enlarge the 50 Reefs initiative, which aims to identify a portfolio of reefs around the world that would best reflect the need to survive the destruction of climate change and that should be targeted by efforts to protect the reefs.

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University of Leicester

The University of Leicester LES-tər) is a public research university based in Leicester, England. The main campus is south of the city centre, adjacent to Victoria Park. (wikipedia)

Climate change in Canada

Climate change in Canada has had large impacts on the country’s environment and landscapes. The number of climate change–related events, (wikipedia)