M 15 162b Earth Atmosphere Carbon Dioxide Future Role In Global Warming Simulation 20151109.

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration said measurements of carbon dioxide (CO2) has peaked in May, averaged 419 parts per million at Mauna Loa, Hawaii. The new record is 1.82 parts per million higher than in May 2020 and 50 percent higher than the stable pre-industrial levels of 280 parts per million.

NOAA reported that it is not only the highest level in human history, but also all the way back to the beginning of human history 4.1 million to 4.5 million years ago. Back then, the sea level was about 78 feet higher than today, the average temperature was 7 degrees Fahrenheit higher than in pre-industrial times. Another study indicates that the area that once areas of the Arctic are now tundra.

Pieter Tans, a senior scientist with NOAA’s Global Monitoring Laboratory said: “We are adding roughly 40 billion metric tons of CO2 pollution to the atmosphere per year. That is a mountain of carbon that we dig up out of the Earth, burn and release into the atmosphere as CO2 – year after year.”

“If we want to avoid catastrophic climate change, the highest priority must be to reduce CO2 pollution to zero at the earliest possible date,” he added.

Climate change

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Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. (wikipedia)

Cornell University Library

The library system of Cornell University. As of 2014, it holds over 8 million printed volumes and over a million ebooks. More than 90 percent of its current 120 (wikipedia)

University of California, San Diego

The University of California, San Diego is a public land-grant research university in San Diego, California. Established in 1960 near the pre-existing Scripps Institution of Oceanography, (wikipedia)

National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration is an American scientific agency within the United States Department of Commerce that focuses on the conditions of the oceans, major waterways, (wikipedia)

Princeton Day School

Princeton Day School is a private coeducational day school located in Princeton, in Mercer County, New Jersey, United States, serving students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. (wikipedia)

Cornell University

Private and statutory Ivy League research university in Ithaca, New York. Founded in 1865 by Ezra Cornell and Andrew Dickson White, the university was intended to teach (wikipedia)

Princeton University

Princeton University is a private Ivy League research university in Princeton, New Jersey. Founded in 1746 in Elizabeth as the College of New Jersey, (wikipedia)

Princeton University Library

Princeton University Library is the main library system of Princeton University. With holdings of more than 7 million books, 6 million microforms, and 48,000 linear feet of manuscripts, (wikipedia)

Scripps Institution of Oceanography

The Scripps Institution of Oceanography in San Diego, California, founded in 1903, is one of the oldest and largest centers for ocean and Earth science research, public service, (wikipedia)

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Greenhouse gas

A greenhouse gas is a gas that absorbs and emits radiant energy within the thermal infrared range, causing the greenhouse effect. (wikipedia)

Scripps Research

Scripps Research, previously known as The Scripps Research Institute , is a nonprofit American medical research facility that focuses on research and education in the biomedical sciences. (wikipedia)