A new study published in Scientific Reports on Thursday predicted another possible grim future to the lives as we know it.

If the rate of current carbon releases and greenhouse gases does not change, the scientific model predicts that up to 95% of all ocean surface climates could be gone by 2100.

Ocean surface climates are classified as surface water temperature, acidity, and the concentration of the mineral aragonite — which many marine animals use to form bones and shells — one of the vital elements for sea life to thrive.

Katie Lotterhos, the study lead author, and her team of researchers used the term “novel climate” to explain the prediction of what will happen in the next 80 years if humans do not act towards more positive climate action.

The study predicted that nearly 80% of the ocean surface may be covered in high-temperature and acidic climates by 2100 with the current carbon emission trajectory. In addition, this condition has never existed on Earth before.

“If a majority of the ocean surface climate disappears and is replaced by novel climates with no recent analog by the end of the twenty-first century, the optimal environment for many species may not exist and dispersal will not help these species keep pace with environmental change,” said the study.

Humans and animals will have no choice but to “adapt or die scenario.”

The study also added, “Current globally disappearing climates are trending in the Indian Ocean, the southwest Pacific, and tropical Atlantic, whereas current globally novel climates are emerging in the equatorial Pacific.”

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Lotterhos, who is also an associate professor of marine and environmental sciences at Northeastern University said that governments must act now and the time is running out.

“Without (emissions) mitigation, novel and disappearing climates in the sea surface will be widespread around the globe by 2100,” said Lotterhos.

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations mandated to provide objective scientific information relevant to understanding human-induced climate (wikipedia)

Northeastern University

Northeastern University is a private research university with its main campus in Boston. Established in 1898, (wikipedia)

Northeastern University station

Northeastern University is a surface-level trolley stop on the MBTA Green Line. It is located in a dedicated median along Huntington Avenue in Boston, between Opera Place and Forsyth Street, (wikipedia)

Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

The United Nations’ Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s Special Report on the Ocean and Cryosphere in a Changing Climate is a report about the effects of climate change on the world’s seas (wikipedia)

Climate change and fisheries

The full relationship between fisheries and climate change is difficult to explore due to the context of each fishery and the many pathways that climate change affects. However, (wikipedia)