Last year was by far the warmest on record, most recently in a series of annual global climate reports.

Europe’s average temperature in 2020 was just 1.9 ° C higher than the year 1981-2010 long-running average, according to the 31st Climate Report published online by the American Meteorological Society.

The latest report emphasises that Covid’s measures of locked outs and travel restrictions reduced carbon dioxide emissions by just about 6-7 percent by 2020, and greenhouse gas concentrations have reached record levels.

The previous year was one of just three warmest on record since records began in 1850, the Climate Report reveals.

The report finds that average surface temperature over land surfaces in the Arctic was the highest since data began in 1900.

Last year was also the seventh consecutive year of annual Arctic temperatures exceeding 1C above the 1981-2010 average.

In the Arctic, average air conditions in 2020 were the highest on record at 2.1 degrees Celsius higher than the average for 1981-2010.

The state of the climate report comes after the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) declared earlier this month that the world temperature in 2020 will be almost 1.1 degrees warmer than 19th Century temperature.

European windstorm

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European windstorms are powerful extratropical cyclones which form as cyclonic windstorms associated with areas of low atmospheric pressure. They can occur throughout the year, (wikipedia)

Global warming

The long-term rise in the average temperature of the Earth’s climate system. It is a major aspect of climate change and has been demonstrated by direct temperature measurements (wikipedia)

Climate change

Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. (wikipedia)

Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C

The Special Report on Global Warming of 1.5 °C was published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change on 8 October 2018. The report, approved in Incheon, South Korea, includes over 6, (wikipedia)

2019–20 European windstorm season

The 2019–20 European windstorm season was the fifth instance of seasonal European windstorm naming in Europe. This is the first season in which the Netherlands participates, (wikipedia)

IPCC Fifth Assessment Report

The Fifth Assessment Report of the United Nations Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is the fifth in a series of such reports and was completed in 2014. As had been the case in the past, (wikipedia)

Climate of the United Kingdom

The United Kingdom straddles the higher mid-latitudes between 49° and 61°N on the western seaboard of Europe. Since the UK is always in or close to the path of the polar front jet stream, (wikipedia)