US climate envoy John Kerry said on Saturday he believed “tremendous advances” could be made during the upcoming UN climate talks in Scotland, but he said further governments needed to make concrete commitments in the next 30 days.

Kerry was speaking at a training meeting in Milan where delegates from everywhere wanted to know where progress could be made before the United Nations Climate Change Summit in Glasgow begins on 31 October.

The 12-day summit aims at reaching further ambitious commitments to limit world warming to well below two degrees Celsius, with the aim of restricting it to 1.5 Celsius above pre-industrial levels.

The event will also help mobilise funds and protect vulnerable communities and natural habitats.

Wealthy nations, which a decade ago pledged to mobilize $100 billion per year to help vulnerable countries adapt to and switch to more clean energy, remain far from achieving their 2020 target.

Kerry, a former U.S. senator and secretary of state, said countries representing 55% of the world’s GDP – Britain, Canada, Japan, the United States, and the 27 EU members – had put forward plans to achieve the 1.5 degree cut by emissions levels of greenhouse gases.

“delivering on (the) $100 billion is absolutely a matter of trust.”Alok Sharma

Alok Sharma, the UK’s President for COP26, said:”delivering on (the)$100 billion is absolutely a matter of trust.” He also said that the presence of youth delegates and activists, among them Greta Thunberg and Vanessa Nakate, had accelerated the process in the run-up to the preparatory meetings for the Climate summit.

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China and India, the world’s two largest coal producers, still depend heavily on coal power plants.

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United Nations

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von der Leyen Commission

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2021 United Nations Climate Change Conference

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