This is the fourth straight year of drought in which Aly’s house in southern Madagascar has been ravaged.

Today more than a million people, or about two out of five, need emergency food assistance in his Grand South region in a situation that the United Nations has described as “climate change famine.”

“Things have changed,” he said as he stood on an area of ochre dirt where the only other Green that is visible is tall prickly cactuses.

Climate change is a problem on the Indian Ocean, and several UN agencies have warned in recent months of “climate change famine”

Cyclones that already occur more often in Madagascar than any other African country are likely to become greater as the planet warms, according to the Madagascan government.

They have become more unpredictable and have been below average for almost six years, researchers at the University of California, Santa Barbara said.

Warmth in Southern Africa is rising twice as quickly as worldwide, according to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.

Southern Madagascar accounts for less than 0.01 percent of worldwide carbon dioxide emissions, according to the World Carbon Project.

2021 Madagascar food crisis

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In mid-2021, a severe drought in southern Madagascar caused hundreds of thousands of people, with some estimating more than one million people, (wikipedia)

Regional effects of climate change

Regional effects of climate change are long-term significant changes in the expected patterns of average weather of a specific region due to climate change. (wikipedia)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations mandated to provide objective scientific information relevant to understanding human-induced climate (wikipedia)

Climate change

Climate change includes both human-induced global warming and its large-scale impacts on weather patterns. There have been previous periods of climate change, (wikipedia)