A new study analyzing 150 years of sea-surface temperature data from around the Caribbean reveals significant warming patterns to be damaging to coral reef ecosystems.

Colleen Bove, at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and colleagues describe the findings in the open climate journal PLOS Climate.

On the basis of their insights and past research, the Researchers are committed to immediately reducing greenhouse gas emissions as well as initiatives to address local and regional threats to coastal ecosystems such as fishing and damage to the environment, in the Caribbean and elsewhere.

Following on from earlier research, Bove and colleagues carried out an updated analysis of sea-surface temperature trends for Caribbean coral reefs.

Initially they created a database of 5,326 Caribbean coral reefs, each attached to one of eight sub-regions.

Subsequently, researchers used three freely available records of satellite and on-site observations of sea-surface temperature to evaluate the story of warming between 1871 and 2020.

Scientists have estimated that coral reefs were warming for at least a century and that several reefs around the Caribbean have already warmed by one degree Celsius.

But warming began in four of the eight sub-regions before that, in the second half of the 19th century.



Caribbean

The Caribbean is a region of the Americas that comprises the Caribbean Sea, its surrounding coasts, and its islands . (wikipedia)


University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill is a public research university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina. The flagship of the University of North Carolina system, (wikipedia)

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