The climate crisis threatens to strike a double blow on the Middle East, experts say, destroying its oil revenue as the world switches to renewable-energies and pushes temperatures to uninhabitable extremes.

In a region long plagued by civil wars, war, and refugee flows, little was done to tackle the challenge, although global warming is likely to accelerate these trends, a conference this week concluded.

“Our region is classified as a global climate change hotspot,”Nicos Anastasiades

“Our region is classified as a global climate change hotspot,” said Cyprus “President Nicos Anastasiades at the International Conference on Climate Change in the Eastern Mediterranean and the Middle East, which will take place in Cyprus on Monday.

This region, which is already sun-drenched and inhabited by a half-billion people, is classified as most vulnerable by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and the UN’s World Weather Agency (WMO).

But it is also home to several of the last countries that have failed to ratify the 2015 Paris Accords – Iran, Iraq, Libya and Yemen – just weeks before the start of the United Nations Climate Change Conference COP26 in Glasgow.

“there are terrible problems,”Jeffrey Sachs

When it comes to climate change and the Middle East,”there are awful challenges,” said Jeffrey Sachs, who heads the U.N. Sustainable Development Network.

Sachs made reference to the much-debated theory that climate changes were one of the drivers behind Syria’s civil war, because a record drought in 2006-2009 drove more than one million farmers to cities, adding to social stress before the 2011 insurgency.

READ MORE:  India estimated to suffer average annual loss of $87 billion because of extreme weather events

Part of MENA’s strongest solar power output now resides in Syria’s last rebel-held territory of Idlib, which has long been cut off from the state’s electricity grid and where solar panels are ubiquit.AFP

Effects of climate change

The effects of climate change span the physical environment, ecosystems and human societies. They also include the economic and social changes which stem from living in a warmer world. (wikipedia)

Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is an intergovernmental body of the United Nations mandated to provide objective scientific information relevant to understanding human-induced climate (wikipedia)

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement , often referred to as the Paris Accords or the Paris Climate Accords, is an international treaty on climate change, adopted in 2015. It covers climate change mitigation, (wikipedia)

Climate change

Climate change includes both human-induced global warming and its large-scale impacts on weather patterns. There have been previous periods of climate change, (wikipedia)