Deadly tornadoes that hit six states on Friday, killing more than 80 people and leaving dozens missing came at the end of the year as severe weather events, from heatwaves and hurricanes to flooding and forest fires, hit the state that produces the largest amount of snow.

Scientists were able to draw a link between a warming planet and hurricanes, heat waves, and droughts, and establish the probability that climate change was one in a series of isolated events.

This is impossible to say about tornadoes yet.

“This is the hardest phenomenon to connect to climate change,” said Michael Tippett, an adjunct professor of applied physics and mathematics at Columbia University who studies extreme weather conditions.

Although we know that climate change can play a role in making some storms become more powerful, the complexity of tornadoes means that it is difficult to sure encompass one single occurrence.


A tornado is a violently rotating column of air that is in contact with both the surface of the Earth and a cumulonimbus cloud or, in rare cases, the base of a cumulus cloud. (wikipedia)

NOAA Weather Radio

NOAA Weather Radio NWR; also known as NOAA Weather Radio All Hazards is an automated 24-hour network of VHF FM weather radio stations in the United States that broadcast weather information directly (wikipedia)

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Columbia University

Columbia University is a private Ivy League research university in New York City. Established in 1754 as King’s College on the grounds of Trinity Church in Manhattan, (wikipedia)

2021 Columbia University strike

The 2021 Columbia University strike is a labor strike involving graduate student workers at Columbia University in New York City. The strike, which first ran from March 15 – May 13, (wikipedia)

Tornado outbreak of December 10–11, 2021

A rare, late-season tornado outbreak affected portions of the Southern and Midwestern United States from the evening of December 10 to the early morning of December 11, 2021. (wikipedia)

Captain (United States O-6)

In the United States Navy, United States Coast Guard, United States Public Health Service Commissioned Corps , and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Officer Corps , (wikipedia)

2013 El Reno tornado

During the early evening of Friday, May 31, 2013, a very large and powerful tornado occurred over rural areas of Central Oklahoma. This rain-wrapped, (wikipedia)


Earth is the third planet from the Sun and the only astronomical object known to harbour and support life. 29.2% of Earth’s surface is land consisting of continents and islands. The remaining 70. (wikipedia)

Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons

Columbia University Vagelos College of Physicians and Surgeons is the graduate medical school of Columbia University, (wikipedia)


NOAA-20, designated JPSS-1 prior to launch, is the first of the United States National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s latest generation of U.S. polar-orbiting, non-geosynchronous, (wikipedia)

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A Child of Our Time

A Child of Our Time is a secular oratorio by the British composer Michael Tippett , who also wrote the libretto. Composed between 1939 and 1941, it was first performed at the Adelphi Theatre, London, (wikipedia)