You are likely to hear much of the term “net-zero emissions” in the coming weeks, when the leaders and CEOs are under pressure to discuss what action they will take to reduce the impact on climate change of their countries and business.

Amazon, for instance, has just announced that its Climate Obligation has been joined by more than 200 businesses, who have pledged to achieve net-zero emissions by 2040.

But what is net zero emissions really all about?

Zero emissions, regardless of the net restraint, means that no greenhouse gases are generated.

Several countries, including the USA, have committed to reach the objective of net zero emissions by 2050.

Some projects, like planting trees, can take years to pay for themselves in emissions cuts, while the firms that buy forest offsets continue to emit greenhouse gases.

Every move produces greenhouse gas emissions.

It may be too costly or not technologically possible, to replace its steam boiler with a non-carbon product.

Climate change mitigation

Climate change mitigation consists of actions to limit global warming and its related effects. (wikipedia)

Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement , often referred to as the Paris Accords or the Paris Climate Accords, is an international treaty on climate change, adopted in 2015. It covers climate change mitigation, (wikipedia)

2021 Leaders’ Climate Summit

The 2021 Leaders’ Climate Summit was a virtual climate summit on 22-23 of April 2021, organized by the Joe Biden administration, with leaders from various countries. (wikipedia)

Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia

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Greenhouse gas emissions by Australia totalled 533 million tonnes CO2-equivalent based on Greenhouse Gas national inventory report data for 2019; representing per capita CO2e emissions of 21 tons. (wikipedia)

Amazon (company), Inc. is an American multinational conglomerate which focuses on e-commerce, cloud computing, digital streaming, and artificial intelligence. It is one of the Big Five companies in the U. (wikipedia)

Climate change

Climate change includes both global warming driven by human-induced emissions of greenhouse gases and the resulting large-scale shifts in weather patterns. (wikipedia)