Zimbabwe introduced a wider emission reduction target ahead of the UN climate conference in November, as shown by the country’s new climate plan.
The South African country has now committed to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions by 40% for all economic sectors by 2030, compared with a business as usual scenario with no policies for emission reductions being put in place.
Zimbabwe committed itself to a 33 percent cut in emissions earlier in its first nationally determined contribution (NDC) in 2017.
NDCs are non-binding climate plans put forward by countries since the 2016 Paris Accord.
The new target sets itself the total reduction in Zimbabwe’s greenhouse gases to 44.7 million tonnes of carbon dioxide equivalent (Mt CO2e) by 2030.
If nothing is done, emissions are foreseen to reach 75.4 Mt CO2e by then.
Emissions at national level were 35.84 million tons of carbon dioxide in 2017, according to the latest estimate by the NDC.
However, Zimbabwe has independently undertaken to increase the supply of electricity and coal for the iron and steel sector, increasing their emissions.