The class geomagnetic storm hit Earth early this past Saturday, producing bright northern lights across Canada, Newsweek reported. The nearby solar flare propelled dense plasma towards Earth and sparked geomagnetic storms in at least two different US states as well, according to weather data.

On the scale of solar storms, the explosion, known as a coronal mass ejection, wasn’t all that strong, but when it collided with the Earth’s magnetic field, it caused the greatest geomagnetic storm in years. This time, there’s not much of a disturbance. In fact, few people may have been aware of it but it served as a reminder that the sun has awakened after a protracted nap.

The Carrington Event, also known as the solar storm of 1859, was caused by the release of a massive solar coronal mass ejection that struck Earth’s shielding magnetosphere and caused a geomagnetic storm of epic proportions that had never previously been seen by modern civilization.

Intense auroras lit up the sky all over the world when a bombardment of charged particles crashed with Earth’s magnetic field, but with powerful electrical currents sweeping the planet, the effects went well beyond colorful sights.

One of the latest solar storm that took place was in 1989 which cause a power breakout in Canada for 12 hours that affect nearly 6 million people in Canada.

How do Solar Storms Affect the Earth?

The July 1st earth impact is part of a series of solar storms, as the sun is undergoing a period of increased activity.

Massive explosions from the sun’s surface known as solar flares produce powerful electromagnetic radiation bursts. There are different types of flares emitted from the solar storm in which specifically X-class flares affect the Earth, Astronauts, and Satellites.

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Strong M-class and X-class flares have the power to cause coronal mass ejections, which are the sun’s largest releases of plasma and magnetic field. That mass ejection of particles from the sun passes through space, and the earth uses its magnetic subject to protect us.

Geomagnetic storms may occur from this activity, which might disturb the magnetosphere of the Earth. Such geomagnetic storms may cause auroras to appear closer to the equator than is normally feasible.

The aurora borealis, often known as the northern lights, was brought on by the solar outburst and were visible as far south as Florida and Cuba.

Scientists had predicted that the ‘near miss’ might have an impact on the global magnetic field. Instead, as far as they were concerned, it made itself felt as if it was “plowing dense plasma” in our direction, experts at SpaceWeather.com.

Also, a National Space Weather Action Plan is being developed by the White House and the National Science and Technology Council. Till then the best thing that can be done is to make a space weather emergency kit ready.

August 1972 solar storm

The solar storms of August 1972 were a historically powerful series of solar storms with intense to extreme solar flare, solar particle event, and geomagnetic storm components in early August 1972, (wikipedia)

Geomagnetic storm

A geomagnetic storm is a temporary disturbance of the Earth’s magnetosphere caused by a solar wind shock wave and/or cloud of magnetic field that interacts with the Earth’s magnetic field. (wikipedia)